On this day in Greensboro history...
Greensboro Public Library and Historical Museum offer interesting facts to familiarize you with our rich history. From big occasions to everyday occurrences, you'll find a daily dose of times gone by. Enjoy these, and if you have an opportunity to use them on your own project, please credit the Library and Museum as your source.
October 1, 1923
The seventeen-story Jefferson Building, headquarters for the Jefferson Standard Life Insurance Company and the tallest and largest office building in the South, opens. New York architect Charles C. Hartmann moved to Greensboro to get the plum assignment of designing this building. The company has already paid for the $2.5 million building.
October 2, 1993
People are gathering at the Grange Hall for an old-fashioned contra dance. If you aren’t familiar with this type of folk dance, come and find out what it’s all about. Tickets are only $5.00 apiece.
October 3, 1824
Reverend William Paisley organizes the First Presbyterian Church, the first congregation to meet within the town limits. The church, which begins with twelve members, including four slaves, meets at the Male Academy on Sycamore Street.
October 4, 1974
Hayble’s Hearth, a restaurant on Spring Garden Street, advertises a filet mignon dinner special for $2.95. The restaurant also offers entertainment, with Grace Scott at the piano, as well as an area for nonsmokers.
October 5, 1892
The Normal and Industrial School for White Girls, created by the General Assembly in 1891, opens with 176 students. Expenses for tuition, board and fees total $128. Eventually, the college will become UNCG.
October 6, 1889
Four local women start a club to study music, including the lives and works of the best composers. Eventually the club will offer concerts as well. The group will choose the name “the Coney Club,” later changing it to the Euterpe Club, named after the Greek muse of music. By 2008 it will rank as the South’s oldest music club.
October 7, 1904
The book Greensboro 1808-1904, a history by James Albright, is now for sale. Come to Wharton’s Book Store to buy a copy for $1.00! This volume includes all aspects of the city’s history, from schools to churches and from business and industry to politics.
October 8, 1985
Voters approve $4 million in bonds for building the new Southeast Park near East Lee Street and Florida Street, on the site of the former South Buffalo Wastewater Treatment Plant. The park will be renamed in 1989 as Barber Park.
October 9, 1949
Now that Woman’s College, which will later become UNCG, has grown to over 2200 students, the dining hall must cope with about 50,000 dishes and pieces of silverware a day. Resourceful staff members have come up with an efficient solution—conveyer belts from the dining hall to the dishwashing area and a 30-foot long machine which washes and dries the dishes. Special machines wash and dry silverware and glasses.
October 9, 1983
Folk singer Pete Seeger, famous for writing such songs as “Where Have All the Flowers Gone,” performs at Aycock Auditorium on the UNCG campus. He sings mainly old classics, many of which he wrote himself in his career of almost fifty years. Over 700 people pay $7.50 to $8.00 each to hear the concert. To learn more about Greensboro history, visit the Greensboro Public Library and Greensboro Historical Museum.
October 10, 1909
157 women organize the Greensboro Woman’s Club, a member of a national organization named the General Federation of Woman’s Clubs. The national federation, founded in 1890, was one of the first non-denominational and non-partisan women’s volunteer service organizations in the world. The Greensboro club’s purpose is to serve the city through various projects. In 1921, it will purchase the historic Weir-Jordan house on North Edgeworth Street, built in 1846, as its meeting place.
October 11, 1908
Greensboro’s Centennial Celebration begins. More than 6,000 schoolchildren and 400 Confederate veterans will march in parades during the week-long celebration.
Both presidential candidates—William Howard Taft and William Jennings Bryan--will attend, and troops will re-enact the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. An airship will fly over the city, which will be an exciting new experience for Greensboro residents. The new Hippodrome, longer than a football field, can seat 20,000, many more than the entire city population, for bicentennial events.
October 12, 1887
Westminster Presbyterian Church officially organizes. In 1883, First Presbyterian Church built a small mission chapel on Asheboro Street, which will eventually become Martin Luther King Drive. Now, four years later, the congregation has 85 members. The church will move to Friendly Avenue in 1960 and will have 2000 members by 2007.
October 13, 1919
Henry Hanes founds Hanes Funeral Home, the first formal funeral chapel in the state. Since neither local hospitals nor the city government offers ambulance service, the funeral home will provide ambulances. After Mr. Hanes’ death, Albert S. Lineberry will take over and change the name to Hanes Lineberry.
October 14, 1927
Charles Lindbergh piloting his plane “The Spirit of St. Louis,” arrives in Greensboro only two hours and 25 minutes after leaving Spartanburg, South Carolina. He’s greeted at the airport by several thousand people, including state and local dignitaries, and travels through the city by motorcade. At the Woman’s College, hundreds of students are waiting to see the handsome bachelor, and about 20,000 people turn out to hear him speak at War Memorial Stadium. The local media seem dismayed that his boring six-minute speech does not even mention his historic transatlantic flight.
October 14, 1951
Evangelist Billy Graham begins his Greensboro crusade, attracting so much interest that crusade organizers have built a temporary tabernacle on West Lee Street. Even its 10,000 seats will not be enough, and hundreds of people will respond to his altar calls. WFMY will even go on the air 15 minutes early each day to cover Graham’s visit. His sermon topics will range from Communism and the atomic bomb to dishonest businessmen and citizens who cheat on their income tax returns. Crusade attendees will celebrate the boyish Graham’s 33rd birthday with a 150-pound cake in the shape of a cross.
October 15, 1908
The Central Carolina Fair, part of the city’s centennial celebration, is particularly noteworthy for including an airship flying over the city. Some people, reading the advertisements for the fair, thought that the mention of the airship must be a joke, but the ads have proved to be accurate. Exhibits show recent improvements in agriculture. Another wonder is the poultry exhibit, with about 3,000 fowls, the most ever shown in the South.
October 16, 1981
Tonight the Greensboro Opera Company presents its first production, “La Traviata” by Verdi, at the War Memorial Auditorium. The company’s goals are to present the highest-quality productions and to teach the community about opera. Tickets cost $12 and $15. In addition to local opera lovers, a busload comes from Martinsville, Virginia.
October 17, 1962
Some time ago, a Grimsley High School social club held a wild drinking party. Harold Hipps, associate minister at West Market Street Methodist Church, preached a sermon about the lack of wholesome activities for Greensboro young people. It had such an impact that the newspaper printed the entire sermon, and today Mayor Schenck appointed a group, including adults and teenagers, to find answers to the problem. Their planning groups will become the Greensboro Youth Council.
October 18, 1991
The first issue of The Rhinoceros Times, a weekly publication of the Rhinoceros
Club at 315 S. Greene Street, appears. This two-page newspaper includes the following statement in the “Rhino Rumors” column: “There are some advantages to having an all but deserted downtown. …Elm Street has been blocked off at night all week. How many other towns can close off main street for a week and have only the nobodies notice?”
October 18, 1839
Greensboro town officials decide to have elm trees planted along the town’s four main streets when spring arrives. They hire Gill, described as a “man of colour,” to plant these trees for $34. The elms will create a beautiful canopy over the main street, which will be named Elm Street in their honor. However, around 1900 the city will chop them down to give the downtown a big city look.
October 19, 1905
Representatives of the Chamber of Commerce and the city government will gather today at the Benbow Hotel and go as a group to the Southern Railway Station to greet President Theodore Roosevelt as he passes through. While they hope that he will interrupt his trip for fifteen minutes to speak to the crowd, railroad officials say that the train can stop for only five minutes, since a longer pause would ruin their schedule.
October 20, 1960
If you love Danish modern furniture, go to Miller Furniture to get a bedroom suite, with double dresser, bed, and chest for only $89.95. The suite comes in a choice of colors, and the bed even has a headboard with sliding panels.
October 21, 1976
Greensboro Beautiful dedicates the Bicentennial Garden on Hobbs Road to the City of Greensboro as part of the United States’ bicentennial celebration. This land was once part of a farm owned by the well-known minister David Caldwell. A time capsule buried at this time will be opened 100 years from now.
October 22, 1979
Bell House opens on Summit Avenue to provide programs and residential services to adults with physical disabilities. The inspiration for the facility came from its executive director, Marie Bell, the mother of a physically disabled young woman who would have no suitable home in this area if there were no family members to care for her.
October 22, 1955
Greensboro now has a chapter of the nonprofit corporation
named The Links, Incorporated. The international organization, founded in 1946, is made up of professional women of color. In the United States, it is one of the country’s oldest and largest women’s volunteer service organizations that enhances the lives of persons of African ancestry.
October 23, 1827
Caroline Gillespie Gorrell, a descendant of Revolutionary War hero Colonel Daniel Gillespie, is born. She will become a successful businesswoman and philanthropist, best-known for her involvement with the temperance movement.
October 24, 1971
A demolition crew places explosives in the basement of the King Cotton Hotel,
destroying the building within nine seconds. Ironically, the builders intended for the hotel to last for many years, getting ideas from buildings constructed in San Francisco after the earthquake early in the century. The 13-story hotel opened in 1927 and was located on East Market and Davie Streets. It attracted a distinguished clientele and, in addition to lodging, offered dining for private and group parties. To learn more about Greensboro history, visit the Greensboro Public Library and Greensboro Historical Museum.
October 25, 1872
John Robinson’s Circus performs despite several obstacles. Difficulties on the train trip to Greensboro force the circus to arrive late, missing the first performance. Also, rain and mud create conditions that are far from ideal. However, a large crowd waits patiently for the performance to begin and goes away satisfied with the show. To learn more about Greensboro history, visit the Greensboro Public Library and Greensboro Historical Museum.
October 26, 2006
Douglas Dickerson—Sir Douglas Dickerson, that is--receives the French Legion of Honor, making him a knight because of his courageous acts during the liberation of France in World War II. Dickerson parachuted into Normandy the night before D-Day. He and his unit, the 82nd Airborne, killed the Germans manning a mobile radio unit and fought off counterattacks all night. The award, given to only 50 Americans a year, was created in 1802 by Napoleon himself. To learn more about Greensboro history, visit the Greensboro Public Library and Greensboro Historical Museum.
October 27, 1907
A new congregation holds its first service in the downtown YWCA, with 23 in attendance. The church will later become known as First Lutheran Church, located on West Friendly Avenue. To learn more about Greensboro history, visit the Greensboro Public Library and Greensboro Historical Museum.
October 28, 1945
Servicemen are coming home from war, but many of them find it difficult to adjust to civilian life, placing stress on families. The Junior League of Greensboro and the Council on Social Services have studied the situation and found that these families need counseling. The Junior League and others in the community establish the Family and Children’s Service of Greater Greensboro to meet this need. Eventually, the agency’s name will become Family Service of the Piedmont. To learn more about Greensboro history, visit the Greensboro Public Library and Greensboro Historical Museum.
October 29, 1959
The Greensboro Coliseum opens on West Lee Street. It proudly announces that its opening attraction will be North Carolina’s only showing of this year’s “Holiday on Ice.” The Coliseum reserves all seats at prices ranging from $2.00 to $3.50 and provides paved parking for 3000 cars. To learn more about Greensboro history, visit the Greensboro Public Library and Greensboro Historical Museum.
October 30, 1969
About forty people meet at the Greensboro Public Library to organize the Greensboro Fair Housing Association. Its purpose is to work towards eliminating discrimination in selling or renting housing and to investigate bad housing conditions in the city.
October 31, 1964
Lionel Hampton, the famous jazz musician, appears in A & T College’s homecoming parade, playing the drums and the vibraphone. The parade moves from the campus to Memorial Stadium and is the longest in recent memory.
October 31, 1927
The Carolina Theatre, a 2200-seat vaudeville theater, opens
for the first time. Crowds are amazed at the spectacular building, considered the finest theater between Washington and Atlanta, and delighted by the affordable prices—only 50 cents for matinees, 75 cents for evening performances and 15 cents for children.
November 1, 1994
Local merchants are plagued by counterfeit $20 bills. While it’s difficult to distinguish these from legitimate bills, merchants mention that they are a darker shade of green than other bills, feel waxy, and all have the same serial number. The Secret Service has collected the counterfeit bills from New York to Atlanta, including about $1,600 worth from the Triad area. The investigation is going well, but authorities have not yet arrested anyone in North Carolina.
November 2, 1993
Carolyn Allen becomes Greensboro’s first female mayor, winning 59% of the vote. Her election follows twelve years of serving on the city council, a tenure that began with her election to an at-large seat in 1989.
November 3, 1979
City residents are stunned by a tragic incident in the Morningside Homes neighborhood, which makes national headlines. Members of a Communist organization which has been working to strengthen local unions met there for a “Death to the Klan” parade. Klansmen and Nazis arrived and, within 88 seconds, their gunfire killed four of the activists and wounded ten others. A fifth member of the Communist group will die the next day.
November 4, 2000
The Greensboro Men’s Club expresses support for a higher education bond
referendum. Around 1930, two faculty members at A&T organized the club to provide fellowship and to set high intellectual, social and civic standards. Each of the twelve members hosted a meeting each year, providing a formal dinner to which the men wore their tuxedos.
November 5, 2006
Joseph’s House on East Bessemer Avenue offers eight beds to homeless teenagers. One hundred sixty-four high school students have no homes, and the numbers are growing. These problems usually come from family situations which are not the fault of the young people. The nonprofit requires the teenagers attending high school to give a high priority to their studies, and those who have completed high school must get jobs and work towards renting apartments or attending college.
November 6, 1924
Greensboro is now 116 years old, and it’s time to establish a historical museum to celebrate and record the city’s history. Letters go out to local civic groups and historical organizations, and the Greensboro Historical Society is incorporated today. Alice Bell becomes its first president. The Greensboro Historical Museum will open on November 11, 1925, displaying its collection in eight cases housed in rooms provided by the public library.
November 7, 1973
The city’s voters reelect Jim Melvin as mayor. A 1972 referendum called for voters to elect mayors directly instead of continuing the practice of the city council’s selecting one of its members as mayor. Support for direct election came from all sections of Greensboro.
November 8, 1931
Famous aviator Amelia Earhart speaks today at the King Cotton Hotel ballroom. Her visit, sponsored by the Greensboro Junior League, is the second stop on a southeastern tour. She is giving demonstration flights of her autogiro, a plane with rotating blades on top as well as a propeller.
November 9, 1966
A new organization, the Greensboro Preservation Society, has been founded to save the city’s historic architecture. Its first goal is to preserve the Blandwood Mansion, the former residence of Governor John Motley Morehead.
November 10, 1987
Habitat for Humanity, an organization partnering with lower-income families to build homes, opens an affiliate in Greensboro. Four city residents, after working on a Habitat project in Peru, decided to work towards bringing the organization to Greensboro.
November 11, 1959
The Greensboro Generals hockey team plays its first match in the Coliseum.
The team, after losing six games in a row, wins 4-1 over the Washington Presidents. Hockey is a new spectator sport for many Greensboro residents, and
the reaction to the fast action is very favorable.
November 12, 1903
In a meeting at the Benbow Hotel, the Children’s Home Society meets to form a permanent organization. The Society, founded as a project of the Young Businessmen’s Club of Greensboro, has as its mission “to provide a home for the child who needs a home and a child for the home which needs a child” through arranging adoptions for neglected and homeless children. The Society recently placed six children and has eleven more on its waiting list. Voluntary contributions support the Society’s work.
November 13, 1992
Read and Ride Pass Cards are available at the public library for children in grades
K-5. When children visit the library or ride the bus, staff members punch the cards with special stamps. The eight children with the most stamps at the end of the month will receive their choice of a $100 savings bond, an afternoon party at Celebration Station, or a photo with Greensboro Mayor Vic Nussbaum.
November 14, 1865
Minister and historian Eli Caruthers dies. He served as minister of the Buffalo and Alamance Presbyterian churches for many years and was a teacher and a supporter of education, but he is best-known for his three books. The first is a biography of Rev. David Caldwell, his predecessor at the Buffalo and Alamance Presbyterian churches, and all of his books include information about the Revolutionary War in North Carolina. Caruthers will be buried in the graveyard of Alamance Church.
November 15, 1930
The mayor turns the switch to activate the new $2,000,000 system which allows citizens to dial their own local numbers instead of going through an operator. The new telephone directory will give complete directions for dialing your own call. Remember that dialing too fast—or too slow—can give you a wrong number—and that you’ll still need an operator for long distance calls.
November 16, 1969
The Carolina Peacemaker opens its Santa Hotline. Children can send their letters listing all the things they want for Christmas, and the Peacemaker will publish them exactly as the young people wrote them.
November 17, 1986
VF Corporation almost doubles its size by acquiring Blue Bell, Inc. It becomes the world’s largest publicly-held clothing company, adding such brands as Wrangler jeans and Jantzen bathing suits. The acquisition, the most significant in VF history, gives the company more than 25 percent of the world market for jeans.
November 18, 1887
The Greensboro Patriot adds “Democratic Supremacy for the Good of All, and a Democratic Administration Administered by Democrats” to its banner today.
November 19, 1961
Wesley Long Hospital moves from N. Elm Street to North Elam Avenue. The dedication of the new 220-bed facility must be held indoors because of cold, rainy weather. The Red Cross Gray Ladies, active in Greensboro during World War II, have reorganized to serve in the new hospital, and ten ambulances, assisted by policemen and other residents, will bring patients to the new building.
November 19, 1976
The city’s downtown area loses its last major grocery store, as the Mitchell and Anthony market on North Elm Street closes. This market, Greensboro’s first grocery store to offer home delivery, specialized in fancy foods and served the city for almost fifty years. Its customers included the Cone family.
November 20, 1862
The Ladies’ Soldiers Aid Society gives clothing and blankets to the Guilford Grays militia, who, in April 1861, were the first Guilford County soldiers to leave home to fight for the Confederacy. Greensboro women gather any items that they can possibly send to help the soldiers.
November 21, 2001
Local civil rights leader George Simkins died today. Mayor pro tem Yvonne Johnson says that Simkins would “go to any length to make sure people had equal opportunities,” and local historian Hal Sieber calls him the “preeminent African-American leader in Greensboro during the 20th century.” Simkins was president of the Greensboro NAACP for about 25 years, and he led efforts against segregation in many areas of Greensboro life.
November 21, 1899
Classes at the State Normal and Industrial College are closed because of a typhoid epidemic; so far, almost fifty people have the disease. A well in the dining hall supplies drinking water, and a leaking sewer pipe near the well is the cause of the problem. Eventually 14 or 15 people will die, and the campus will become an emergency hospital.
November 22, 1860
With the relationship between the North and South becoming increasingly troubled, Governor Ellis has advised the people of the South to resist the North, just as their forefathers refused to obey England’s King George III. The Patriot, Greensboro’s major newspaper, urges readers to think for themselves, taking time for “calm and sober reflection,” before deciding whether North Carolina should secede from the United States.
November 23, 1921
The grand opening of the National Theater includes a double feature. The first film is a musical, “A Certain Rich Man,” and the second is a comedy starring Harold Lloyd, entitled “Never Weaken.” A musical overture entertains theater-goers while they wait for the movies to begin.
November 24, 1945
Beta Nu Zeta Chapter of Zeta Phi Beta organizes in Greensboro at Immanuel Lutheran College. This is a sister sorority to Phi Beta Sigma fraternity. Eight college graduates help the group to organize.
November 25, 1955
The biggest parade in Greensboro’s history forms today, with about 175,000 spectators gathered in cold, rainy weather. The Holiday Jubilee Parade has 106 units including Hopalong Cassidy, Miss America, the Old Rebel, host of WFMY’s popular children’s show, and, of course, Santa Claus himself.
November 26, 1827
Alfred Moore Scales is born. During the Civil War he will become a brigadier general in the Confederate Army. He will serve in the North Carolina House of Representatives and in the U.S. Congress and will be North Carolina’ governor from 1885 to 1889. Scales will spend much of his adult life in Greensboro, where he will serve as president of Piedmont Bank, and will eventually be buried in Green Hill Cemetery. The mayor will ask all of the city’s businesses to close during his funeral as a demonstration of respect for him.
November 27, 1983
Dr. James E. Hull stages a Thanksgiving celebration as part of Greensboro’s 175th birthday celebration. This multi-media presentation, held in the Carolina Theatre, includes people of all ages, races, ethnic groups, and religions. The program’s success will encourage Dr. Hull and his wife Jo Welch Hull to establish the Piedmont Interfaith Council, which will work towards greater understanding of others and will hold a Thanksgiving service each year.
November 27, 1959
Three major stars from “Gunsmoke,” the popular television show, lead the Holiday Jubilee Parade. These are Dennis Weaver,who plays Deputy Chester Goode, Amanda Blake, who portrays Miss Kitty, and Milburn Stone, who plays the part of Doc.
November 28, 1932
World War I hero Sergeant Alvin York speaks to the First Presbyterian Church Men’s Club. York received the Medal of Honor for bravery. On October 8, 1918, German soldiers attacked his platoon with machine guns. York led seven men who charged the machine gun nest, taking 132 Germans. Marshal Foch of France called this event “the greatest thing accomplished by any private soldier of all the armies of Europe.” In 1941, Gary Cooper will play the lead in the movie “Sergeant York.”
November 29, 1983
By one p.m. today, hundreds of people line up outside Zayre Department Store on East Cone Boulevard, waiting to purchase Cabbage Patch dolls. The store sets a limit of two dolls per customer, but in five minutes all of the dolls—over 150 of them—are sold. Soon, shoppers cannot find a Cabbage Patch doll anywhere in town.
November 30, 1916
It’s Thanksgiving, and the city’s celebration includes a visit to the new movie theater, the Isis, on South Elm Street to see its opening program, “God’s Country and the Woman.” An orchestra will accompany this superb film, which was photographed in the deep snows of the Southern California mountains. In May, 1917, the theater will announce plans to enlarge the stage to allow for live drama as well as movies.
December 1, 1937
North Carolina’s first supermarket, the Big Star, opens on West Washington
Street. This chain advertises a complete shopping service under one roof—plus a lunch counter. Its self-service system is new to Greensboro shoppers. Prices are low because the store buys in volume; for example, you can buy 10 pounds of Irish potatoes for 17 cents, and two cans of sardines for 7 cents.
December 2, 1887
Cheap John’s Cash Store has children’s suits for $1.25 each, men’s pants for 75 cents and children’s pants for 40 cents. Additionally, the store, owned by Moses Strauss, offers overcoats for less than manufacturers’ prices.
December 3, 1992
Six years ago Greensboro doctors treated an AIDS patient for the first time. Now the virus infects about 2800 Guilford County residents. Tonight, despite cold, windy weather, over 3,500 people take part in a candlelight walk which has raised over $100,000 to fight the disease. The walk ends at the Coliseum, where thousands of people view a quilt whose squares memorialize local people who have died from AIDS.
December 4, 1968
The Earl of Guilford and his wife are visiting Greensboro. Guilford County was
named after his ancestor, England’s prime minister during the Revolutionary War. The Earl of Guilford presented a copy of his coat of arms to the Chamber of Commerce and enjoyed tours of a Blue Bell plant and of P. Lorillard.
December 5, 1968
Elreta Alexander becomes the country’s first African-American woman to serve as a District Court judge. She will serve on the bench until 1981 and will become known for offering alternative sentences for first-time offenders instead of giving them jail sentences. Judge Alexander’s life is filled with firsts, including the first African-American woman to graduate from Columbia Law School and the first to practice law in North Carolina.
December 6, 1860
The Patriot, a local paper, advertises a reaper and mower for sale for
$85. This is in good condition and is only a year old.
December 7, 1931
Noted poet Langston Hughes speaks today in the chapel at Bennett College for
Women. His focus is on African-American novelists and poets; he says that Paul Dunbar will always be considered the African-American poet laureate. He also reads some of his own poems and tells about his motivations in writing them.
December 8, 1887
So what’s new in Greensboro? 50 beef cattle are walking into town to be sold. At the courthouse door, a resident sells a rifle for $2.10 by telling the ridiculous tale that Christopher Columbus hunted squirrels along South Buffalo Creek with that very gun just after his arrival in America. As for guns, a local newspaper, the Greensboro North State, warns residents that this is the season of the year when carelessness with firearms often results in accidents.
December 9, 1887
It’s the season when so many people are Christmas shopping on South Elm Street that the police are busy clearing the sidewalks in front of the toy stores. The town anticipates warm homes and good eating during the holidays; local dealers have plenty of wood and coal on hand, and hog-killing season is under way. The twenty-one prisoners in the local jail, however, probably won’t be sharing in these holiday celebrations.
December 10, 1999
Anchor Lee Kinard is named honorary postmaster upon the occasion of his retirement from WFMY. He is best known for his “Good Morning Show,” the longest-running, most successful local morning TV program in the nation, and for his involvement in Greensboro life. For many years, about half of local families who watched morning TV chose his show.
December 11, 1884
Carbonated lemonade and ginger ale, as well as the leading mineral waters, are available on draft at Glenn’s Drug Store. Deep Rock, Tate Spring (from Tennessee), Vichey, and Saratoga are among the mineral waters featured.
December 12, 1845
Dr. I. J. M. Lindsay, appointed as Greensboro postmaster by President Andrew Jackson in 1832, has served the community in a most satisfactory way for over 13 years, and he has properly avoided active participation in politics. However, he voted for Henry Clay in the recent presidential election, and this has resulted in his abrupt removal from office, with Wilson Hill announced as the new postmaster. A local newspaper, The Patriot, calls the change of postmasters an example of the doctrine “to the victors belong the spoils.”
December 13, 1959
St. James Presbyterian Church has a new building on Ross Avenue. Soon after the Civil War, thirty African-American men and women began worshipping in a small rented house on North Forbis Street, and the congregation affiliated with the Presbyterian Church USA in 1868. As the church grew, it bought the building and twice replaced it with larger buildings on the same lot.. Now the congregation has sold the Forbis Street property to Duke Power Co.
December 14, 1841
John A. Smith offers a $25 reward to anyone who returns his runaway slave Howard to him. Howard, about 35 years of age, is an expert in repairing watches and clocks and probably has his tools with him. He reads very well and is carrying a small geography book. His owner believes that, with assistance from some white people, he is trying to reach a free state.
December 15, 1808
The North Carolina General Assembly passes an act giving the name Greensborough to Guilford’s new county seat. This name honors General Nathanael Greene, who led the American forces at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse.
December 16, 1982
The City Council votes to implement a district system for elections to ensure that voters from all parts of town are fairly represented. All members of the council are currently chosen in an at-large election, but starting in 1983, five members will be elected from districts, with the other three representatives and the mayor elected at-large. Two of the districts will have black majorities. Greensboro is the last major North Carolina city to adopt a district plan.
December 17, 1967
Providence Baptist Church dedicates a new sanctuary and education facility on Tuscaloosa Street, with Dr. James Cheek, president of Shaw University of Raleigh, as speaker. Worshipers organized the congregation in 1866, holding services under a brush arbor near East Market Street. (A brush arbor, made from slender trees and brush, provided protection from the sun.) In 1876 Providence became the first African-American congregation in North Carolina to build a brick church. After this was demolished during the city’s redevelopment effort, the congregation held services on the A & T campus until it was possible to complete a new building.
December 18, 1884
Banner Warehouse opens in Greensboro to provide a home market for the sale of tobacco leaf. The warehouse pledges to exert its best efforts to secure the very best prices for its clients. The warehouse offers good stalls for the tobacco, and camp rooms with water are available on the premises.
December 19, 1904
It’s the holiday season, and the newspaper is filled with advertisements. You can buy a special gift from Schiffman Jewelry Co., find a book or calendar at Wills’s Book Store, select a waterproof overcoat from Vanstory Clothing Co., or choose from thousands of handkerchiefs at Ellis, Stone & Co. Or, for an unusual gift, select a shade tree from The Greensboro Nurseries or shop at a plumbing establishment to find a present for a practical friend.
December 20, 1977
If you’re still looking for Christmas gifts, hurry over to Brendle’s. They have monopoly games on sale for $4.27 and Farrah Fawcett dolls for $6.99.
December 21, 1975
The Greensboro Children’s Theatre presents “Hans Brinker or the Silver Skates,”adapted from a classic Dutch story, in Town Hall Auditorium. The city’s Recreation Department sponsors the Children’s Theatre, which entertains children while giving valuable experience to young actors.
December 22, 1958
It’s not too early to start planning your holiday feast. Kroger has turkeys for 35 cents a pound, hams for 49 cents a pound, a two-pound fruit cake for $1.79, and cranberry sauce at 39 cents for two cans. Fir or balsam Christmas trees are only $1.39 and up.
December 23, 1968
Greensboro Beautiful is founded. This private non-profit organization will encourage businesses, citizens, and community organizations to work together for the beauty and ecology of the city and will offer funding and volunteers for various projects. Its sponsors are the City of Greensboro Parks and Recreation Department, the Greensboro Chamber of Commerce, and the Greensboro Council of Garden Clubs.
December 24, 1842
A local newspaper, The Patriot, contains a sad reminder that the holidays don’t
bring joy to everyone. The executor of an estate announces the upcoming sale
of eight slaves, including two “likely” girls, a skilled blacksmith, and five other men, most of them strong, active young fellows.
December 25, 1906
Greensboro residents celebrate Christmas with noise from horns, cow bells,
and firecrackers, as well as with services in many of the local churches. At 9:30 on Christmas night, the new Greensboro Cotillion Club holds a dance at the Benbow Hotel on South Elm Street, with about sixty couples dancing until 1:00 am to the music of an orchestra.
December 26, 1992
Enola Mixon becomes Greensboro’s first female postmaster. When she began her
career with the post office in 1966, it was rare for a woman or an African-American to gain a leadership position. As an African-American woman, Mixon has overcome barriers of race and gender throughout her career.
December 27, 1845
A local newspaper, The Patriot, includes a long explanation of a new technology, the electro-magnetic telegraph, and a guide to the Morse code. The telegraph is in operation between Baltimore and Washington, D.C. but is not yet available in Greensboro.
December 28, 1838
Greensborough Female College is chartered. In 1833, Rev. Peter Doub, pastor of the city’s Methodist church, began the Greensborough Female School, planning that this academy would some day become a college for women, and now Doub’s dream is becoming a reality. This is the first charter for a woman’s college in North Carolina and the third in the United States, and it is the first college for either men or women in Greensboro. It will open to students in 1846, and eventually it will accept men and become known as Greensboro College.
December 29, 1954
The Greensboro Record announces that Greensboro residents’ long-distance telephone calls during the Christmas holidays broke records, with over 13,000 calls in two days.
December 30, 2000
Greensboro holds a dedication service for the Millennium Gate. As part of the celebration of the millennium, a committee of people interested in history met to evaluate input from the public and to decide what events, inventions, or people from the past 1,000 years had the most influence on life in Greensboro in the year 2000. Then artists designed bronze icons to represent these ideas, and sculptor Jim Gallucci and his employees built the gate. It stands near the city’s municipal office building.
December 31, 1939
The Hayes-Taylor YWCA on East Market Street opens. Since the YMCA came to southeast Greensboro during the early 1920s it has met at various places but has had no building of its own. Andrew Taylor asked his employer Ceasar Cone the 2nd to finance a building for the Y. Cone asked the black community to pay for the land, and he gave the money for the building. It is named for Sallie Hayes and Andrew Taylor, two African-Americans who worked for members of the Cone family. About six hundred people, both white and black, are present for the formal opening ceremony.
December 31, 1984
The city holds its first Festival of Lights, with a decorated tree in the Governmental Plaza on South Greene Street.